4. CY2111 ENGINEERING CHEMISTRY – I 3 0 0 3
To impart a sound knowledge on the principles of chemistry involving the different
application oriented topics required for all engineering branches.
OBJECTIVES • The student should be conversant with the principles water characterization
and treatment of potable and industrial purposes.
• Principles of polymer chemistry and engineering applications of polymers
• Industrial applications of surface chemistry
• Conventional and non-conventional energy sources and energy storage
devices and Chemistry of engineering materials
UNIT I WATER TECHNOLOGY 9
Characteristics – alkalinity – types of alkalinity and determination – hardness – types
and estimation by EDTA method (problems); Domestic water treatment – disinfection
methods (Chlorination, ozonation. UV treatment) – Boiler feed water – requirements
– disadvantages of using hard water in boilers – internal conditioning (phosphate,
calgon and carbonate conditioning methods) – external conditioning –
demineralization process – desalination and reverse osmosis.
UNIT II POLYMERS AND COMPOSITES 9
Polymers-definition – polymerization – types – addition and condensation
polymerization – free radical polymerization mechanism – Plastics, classification –
preparation, properties and uses of PVC, Teflon, polycarbonate, polyurethane, nylon-
6,6, PET- Rubber -vulcanization of rubber, synthetic rubbers – buty1 rubber, SBR,
Composites – definition, types polymer matrix composites – FRP only.
UNIT III SURFACE CHEMISTRY 9
Adsorption – types – adsorption of gases on solids – adsorption isotherms –
Frendlich and Langmuir isotherms – adsorption of solutes from solution – role of
adsorbents in catalysis, ion-exchange adsorption and pollution abatement.
UNIT IV NON-CONVENTIONAL ENERGY SOURCES AND
STORAGE DEVICES 9
Nuclear energy – fission and fusion reactions and light water nuclear reactor for
power generation (block diagram only) – breeder reactor – solar energy conversion –
solar cells – wind energy – fuel cells – hydrogen – oxygen fuel cell – batteries –
alkaline batteries – lead–acid, nickel–cadmium and lithium batteries.
UNIT V ENGINEERING MATERIALS 9
Refractories – classification – acidic, basic and neutral refractories – properties
(refractoriness, refractoriness under load, dimensional stability, porosity, thermal
spalling) – manufacture of alumina, magnesite and zirconia bricks, Abrasives –
natural and synthetic abrasives – quartz, corundum, emery, garnet, diamond, silicon
carbide and boron carbide. Lubricants – mechanism of lubrication, liquid lubricants, -
properties – viscosity index, flash and fire points, cloud and pour points, oilyness) –
solid lubricants – graphite and molybdenum sulphide. Nanomaterials – introduction
to nanochemistry – carbon nanotubes and their applications
TOTAL: 45 PERIODS
1. P.C.Jain and Monica Jain, “Engineering Chemistry” Dhanpat Rai Pub, Co.,
New Delhi (2002).
2. S.S. Dara “A text book of engineering chemistry” S.Chand & Co.Ltd., New
1. B.K.Sharma “Engineering chemistry” Krishna Prakasan Media (P) Ltd.,
2. B. Sivasankar “Engineering Chemistry” Tata McGraw-Hill Pub.Co.Ltd, New