CE6304 Surveying I Syllabus Notes Question Papers 2 Marks with Answers Question Bank - CE6304 S1 Study Materials
UNIT I FUNDAMENTALS AND CHAIN SURVEYING
Definition- Classifications - Basic principles-Equipment and accessories for ranging and chaining – Methods of ranging - well conditioned triangles – Errors in linear measurement and their corrections - Obstacles - Traversing – Plotting – applications- enlarging the reducing the figures – Areas enclosed by straight line irregular figures- digital planimetre.
UNIT II COMPASS AND PLANE TABLE SURVEYING
Compass – Basic principles - Types - Bearing - Systems and conversions- Sources of errors - Local attraction - Magnetic declination-Dip-Traversing - Plotting - Adjustment of closing error – applications - Plane table and its accessories - Merits and demerits - Radiation - Intersection - Resection – Traversing- sources of errors – applications.
UNIT III LEVELLING
Level line - Horizontal line - Datum - Bench marks -Levels and staves - temporary and permanent adjustments – Methods of levelling - Fly levelling - Check levelling - Procedure in levelling - Booking -Reduction - Curvature and refraction - Reciprocal levelling – Sources of Errors in levelling- Precise levelling - Types of instruments - Adjustments - Field procedure
UNIT IV LEVELLING APPLICATIONS
Longitudinal and Cross-section-Plotting - Contouring - Methods - Characteristics and uses of contours – Plotting – Methods of interpolating contours – Computations of cross sectional areas and volumes - Earthwork calculations - Capacity of reservoirs - Mass haul diagrams.
UNIT V THEODOLITE SURVEYING
Theodolite - Types - Description - Horizontal and vertical angles - Temporary and permanent adjustments – Heights and distances– Tangential and Stadia Tacheometry – Subtense method - Stadia constants - Anallactic lens.
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